Paolo Buggiani was born on the 9th of May 1933 at Castelfiorentino, Florence in the heart of Tuscany. In the early fifties he moved to Rome, where he enriched his study of Contemporary Art. In 1955, when Buggiani was 22, he participated in the national competition: Incontri della Gioventù where he won first place with the painter Romagnoni. Shortly after, he was invited to 1° Salone d'Estate along with thirty-one other artists of the Roman Avantgard including: Accardi Burri, Cagli Capogrossi, Colla Franchina, Mannucci, Mirko Novelli, Perilli, Rotella Tot , Turcato e Uncini. Buggiani was accepted into the group even though the majority of the artists were 20 years older and already well established.
In 1956 he had his first one man show at the Schneider gallery of Rome presented by Corrado Cagli, he arrived in Paris in 1958, during his sojourn, Buggiani met Severini, Matta, Victor Brauner and Vilfredo Lam who introduced him to the gallery Glasier-Cordiè where he had a one man show. In 1962 he moved to New York and in 1968 with his experiments called the Vacuum Forming System, he received the Guggenheim Fellowship for Sculpture in Americau, Donald Judd, Anthony Smith and Philip Guston were also awarded the Guggenheim Fellowship in 1968. During this period he was also researching the concept of time as it relates to Art.
Returning to Italy in May 1968, he was active both in Rome and Milan. Buggiani's work at the time included: "Ephemeral Sculpture in Motion", "Fire" (as Performing Art and Installation), "Paintings over Reality" (landscapes photographed through painted crystal), "Wearable Art" (handpainted jumpsuits). When he returned to New York in 1978, he started his research on Mechanical Reptiles and Urban Mythology. These images placed into the urban environment brought him popularity as one of the most important members of the Street Art Movement, along with Keith Haring, Richard Hambleton, Ken Hiratsuka. Today Buggiani is regarded as one of the most independent contemporary artists and is internationally recognized for his installations of fire sculptures. Since 1979 he has been sharing his time between New York and the medieval town of Isola Farnese, in Rome.